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To hell or Connaught (or Barbados)

Posted by Sean O'Halloran on October 31, 2014 at 7:10 AM

From ‘The Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland’ by John P. Prendergast, Second Edition enlarged, 1870, Clachan Publishing, 2014.

After the Act of Settlement of Ireland, the penalty of resisting transplantation to Connaught was changed from death to transplantation to “the Barbadoes”. After the summer assizes of 1658 there were a great number of convicts in the gaols of the several counties, some under sentence of death passed before 1656, when the penalty was changed to transportation; others condemned at the late assizes to be transported. On 26th October, 1658, His Excellency and the Council wrote to Sir Charles Coote, Knight and Baronet, President of Connaught, and Colonel Thomas Sadleir, Governor of Galway, and directed them to have a ship properly victualled to carry from 80 to 100 of these criminals, to be ready to sail with the first fair wind direct for the Indian Bridges in Barbadoes. They were to deal with the merchant, the owner of the ship, for the cost of removing them under guards from the several prisons to Galway, and for clothing them when needed. The merchant was to have the disposal of them at Barbadoes, and was to set them down in two days after arriving, except ten intended for a particular person in Barbadoes

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